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di Malak Ibrahim

Classical music has been going on for hundreds of years, played by a big orchestra, led by an old man holding a stick waving. This kind of music includes centuries old Gregorian singing, as the current Hans Zimmer music can be simple, with one string quartet or make you wake up to listen to it. Classical music is not music that has long been written as it’s known. It’s the art of music in the western world and if the Popular music is written for entertainment, Classical music is written to express something great or a certain idea, but most of all for the passion of the listener. All this doesn’t mean that Classical music is better than Popular music; both are different purposes, but Classical music has a deeper level. The music of Beethoven and Mozart was not wide spread and well known, and everyone could not enjoy it, so the rich people alone had the time and the wealth to listen to it. Classical music is not always beautiful; it can be dark or sometimes contradictory and difficult; it can instantly attract you or necessarily re-listened to understand what the composer is trying to say. This kind of music is divided into different periods, from the middle ages to the twentieth century.

Experts say that Classical music is not limited to a specific period so that we can deal with them as follows:

The Middle ages from 800 to 1400: this period witnessed full hegemony by the churches, and the other ship was modest for subsequent periods.

Renaissance from 1400 to 1600: the Church remained important, by many different styles emerged and composers left a significant imprint on classical music such as Monteverdi and William Byrd.

Baroque era from 1600 to 1750: music flourished and became the hegemony of musical instruments rather than human voices. Most of the works of  Bach, Handel and Vivaldi.

The Classical era from 1750 to 1830: music continued to flourish and the sonata, concerto and symphony became apparent in the works of Mozart, Haydn, Schubert, Beethoven.

The Romantic era from 1830 until the first world war: music began to emerge from the classical rules and became more emotional and expressive. We can determine the beginning of that period when Beethoven composed the third symphony, and then the face of that era reflects later in the writings of Brahms, Schumann, Wagner. Classical music styles evolved from ancient times to their form during the Classical period, and expanded during the Romantic and 20th centuries to accommodate many new patterns driven from the main styles.



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